Pain is a very negative aspect that conditions the life of that person who suffers from it. However, its intensity can be controlled to limit its effect on the individual’s daily life. Therefore, before explaining the techniques and treatments to control pain, we will go on to understand a little more about this concept.
Why Does Pain Occur?
Pain is a system that allows the body to realize that something is wrong within it. When a person is sick or has some kind of trauma or injury, the nerves surrounding the affected area secrete chemicals, which other nerves quickly send to the brain in the form of electrical impulses, which ultimately interprets them as pain.
In this way, the body enters a state of alert and knows that it must pay attention and act accordingly. A classic example of how this complex system works can be seen when we touch something hot, in doing so, the pain signals emanating from the brain force to quickly remove the hand from the place.
In general terms, pain can vary in terms of its intensity, its duration, its frequency and the way it is perceived by the person. In this way, the sensation of pain is not the same between one individual and another, and this depends largely on the location of it, the cause that produces it, and finally, the threshold or resistance capacity that the person has. who suffers from it. In this sense, science has classified pain into two large groups, acute pain and chronic pain. The first is a sudden onset of pain that tells the person to act, usually its duration is short, its intensity is limited and it is easily relieved by medication. On the other hand, chronic pain is one that lasts indefinitely over time, is not easily relieved, and in some cases, by controlling the disease that is causing it, it is also not relieved or diminished. A classic example of this type of pain is arthritis or fibromyalgia, which are characterized by producing strong and permanent pain, which often incapacitate or severely decrease the person’s mobility.
Pain is a natural defense system of the body, its causes are multiple, since it originates when something is working improperly. In general, pain accompanies all inflammatory processes, so any disease that involves inflammation of some tissue will necessarily be accompanied by pain. Likewise, all injuries generate pain to a greater or lesser extent depending on the severity of the injury. When a hit, cut, or burn occurs, the body reacts immediately through a natural inflammatory process that floods the area with nutrient-rich blood to allow for the process of cell regeneration and subsequent healing to occur, and this of course generates pain. Factors that Aggravate Pain Pain is a physical sensation that the body experiences in the presence of an illness or injury, however, there are factors that can lead to its increase, such as emotional fluctuations, states of anxiety, nervousness and worry, permanent stress, tiredness or fatigue, lack of rest, lack of sleep and depression. All these elements are adjuncts in the perpetuity of pain, and in fact, they can become elements of a perverse continuous feedback loop, where pain produces depressive moods, and these, in turn, increase the sensation of pain.
How to Relieve Pain The human body produces a variety of hormones that are capable of producing states of happiness, and that at the same time, function as powerful pain relievers that can help decrease the presence of pain. These substances are dopamine, serotonin, oxytocin and endorphin, all of them have important biological functions, and in turn, are related to the pleasant states of the human being. Knowing this, it is important to understand that we must do everything possible to generate these substances in our bodies to help us control pain. In this way, the first thing we have to do is change the aptitude towards it, this means assuming the situation with a positive attitude, and in this way, creating an environment of personal control through daily thoughts and actions. This involves maintaining a good mood, having positive thoughts, trying to be happy and smiling, having a good sense of humor, exercising regularly, eating in a balanced way, engaging in activities that give you pleasure, gathering with friends and family who also has a positive attitude, learning relaxation techniques, among other things. One of the fundamental aspects to control pain is to avoid concentrating on it. This means that we have to find a way to distract the attention of our minds to this problem, and generally, this is achieved by engaging in activities that we like and give us pleasure. In this way, the more we focus on what we are doing, the greater the distraction of our mind, and therefore, the sensation of pain will tend to diminish in those moments.
We have already seen some aspects from the psychological and behavioral point of view that will be very useful for controlling pain, therefore we will show you how to treat pain from the perspective of traditional medicine. There are pain reducing creams for topical use, effective in relieving pain, trauma products, blows, sprains, bruises, or diseases such as arthritis. These creams or gels are made with various substances such as salicylates, capsaicin, anesthetics such as lidocaine, and anti-inflammatories such as diclofenac. Topical creams like Blue-Emu’s https://aliviosinolor.com products or Biofreeze’s Cool Patches are quite popular as they can be purchased online or in a local retail store as they do not require a prescription. Finally, there are muscle relaxants, these are very effective medications to reduce the pain produced by muscle contractions or spasms, which sometimes trigger pain signals, among these are cyclobenzaprine, naproxen, carisoprodol, and methocarbamol. To reduce pain, we have several resources available, and one of the most effective is drug treatment, both over-the-counter and prescription. Among these are pain relievers, these medications are specifically made to decrease mild to moderate pain, such as acetaminophen and acetaminophen. On the other hand, there are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which help reduce swelling and pain, such as ibuprofen, diclofenac, aspirin, and naproxen. Additionally, there are corticosteroids, which are medications linked to a natural hormone in the body called cortisol that helps to reduce inflammation and decrease pain. This compound has been synthesized for oral use or through injections that are applied directly to the affected area. There are other drugs called antirheumatics that have been developed for the treatment of diseases of the immune system, such as in the case of arthritis. These drugs, by their nature, have a long-term effect, and among them, we can get methotrexate, hydroxychloroquine and azathioprine. In addition to this, there are biological response modifiers, a class of drugs, within the category of antirheumatics, which induce a reduction in inflammatory processes and therefore decrease pain, among them are anakinra, rituximab, among others.